Boost Potassium Intake to Cut Stroke by 20% acc. to Potassium Intake, Stroke, and Cardiovascular Disease: A Meta-Analysis

1 post / 0 new
Boost Potassium Intake to Cut Stroke by 20% acc. to Potassium Intake, Stroke, and Cardiovascular Disease: A Meta-Analysis


D'Elia L, Barba G, Cappuccio FP, et al. Potassium intake, stroke and cardiovascular disease. A meta-analysis of prospective studies. J Am Coll Cardiol 2011; 57:1210-1219. (Review; meta-analysis)
J Am Coll Cardiol, 2011; 57:1210-1219, doi:10.1016/j.jacc.2010.09.070
© 2011 by the American College of Cardiology Foundation

Potassium Intake, Stroke, and Cardiovascular Disease
A Meta-Analysis of Prospective Studies
Lanfranco D'Elia, MD, PhD*, Gianvincenzo Barba, MD, Francesco P. Cappuccio, MD and Pasquale Strazzullo, MD*,*
* Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, "Federico II" University of Naples Medical School, Naples, Italy
 Epidemiology & Population Genetics Institute of Food Science & Technology, National Research Council, Avellino, Italy
 University of Warwick, World Health Organization (WHO) Collaborating Centre for Nutrition, Warwick Medical School, Coventry, United Kingdom
Manuscript received June 10, 2010; revised manuscript received September 24, 2010, accepted September 28, 2010.
* Reprint requests and correspondence: Prof. Pasquale Strazzullo, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, "Federico II" University Medical School, via S. Pansini, 5, 80131 Naples, Italy (Email:
Objectives: The objective of this study was to assess the relation between the level of habitual potassium intake and the incidence of cardiovascular disease (CVD).
Background: Prospective cohort studies have evaluated the relationship between habitual potassium intake and incidence of vascular disease, but their results have not been not entirely consistent.
Methods: We performed a systematic search for prospective studies published, without language restrictions (1966 to December 2009). Criteria for inclusion were prospective adult population study, assessment of baseline potassium intake, assessment of vascular events as outcome, and follow-up of at least 4 years. For each study, relative risks (RRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were extracted and pooled using a random-effect model, weighted for the inverse of the variance. Heterogeneity, publication bias, subgroup, and meta-regression analyses were performed.
Results: Eleven studies were identified, providing 15 cohort samples that included 247,510 male and female participants (follow-up 5 to 19 years), 7,066 strokes, 3,058 coronary heart disease (CHD) events, and 2,497 total CVD events. Potassium intake was assessed by 24-h dietary recall (n = 2), food frequency questionnaire (n = 6), or 24-h urinary excretion (n = 3). In the pooled analysis, a 1.64-g (42 mmol) per day higher potassium intake was associated with a 21% lower risk of stroke (RR: 0.79; 95% CI: 0.68 to 0.90; p = 0.0007), with a trend toward lower risk of CHD and total CVD that attained statistical significance after the exclusion of a single cohort, based on sensitivity analysis (RR: 0.93; 95% CI: 0.87 to 0.99; p = 0.03 and RR: 0.74; 95% CI: 0.60 to 0.91; p = 0.0037).
Conclusions: Higher dietary potassium intake is associated with lower rates of stroke and might also reduce the risk of CHD and total CVD. These results support recommendations for higher consumption of potassium-rich foods to prevent vascular diseases.
Key Words: cardiovascular disease * coronary heart disease * meta-analysis * potassium intake * stroke